Artificial Intelligence (AI) can solve specific problems by generalizing over a given data. There are two main AI areas: Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL). It takes time, effort, technical infrastructure, and knowledge to build AI applications. That is why there was a time when only big corporations with big budgets could invest in AI applications, which were beyond the reach of small and medium companies. But no more, the big companies have monopolies over AI applications.
With the advent of cloud computing services, the application of Artificial Intelligence for various services has been democratizing for some time. Now companies of all sizes can have access to AI. Within a limited budget, AI is offering many opportunities to improve business and people’s lives. It has all become possible with the emergence of a relatively new business niche: AIaaS, i.e., AI-as-a-Service, a third-party offering of AI outsourcing.
The main attraction of AI as a Service is that businesses need not invest massively to build Artificial Intelligence applications massively. Still, it can continue focusing on its core business while taking advantage of AI technologies for varied solutions. The other advantages include reduced investment risks, reduced development time, and increased strategic flexibility. And the major disadvantage is the dependence on service providers.
AIaaS is helping businesses leverage Artificial Intelligence for several applications at reduced risk and expense. Although being around for years with around $2.3 billion in 2017, the market of AIaaS is expected to reach $77 billion in 2025, with a forecasted CAGR of 56.7% in the period 2018-25. So far, the main players in the industry proving AIaaS are IBM (Developer Cloud), Google Cloud Platform, Amazon Web Services, and Microsoft Azure.
High-level and Low-level AI as a Service
低级人工智能集中在一个狭窄的任务. It requires expert knowledge for the implementation to create innovative solutions for the problems that are unsolved and non-standardized. It consists of data collection, pre-processing, training, testing, parameter optimization, etc., and comprises Machine Learning algorithms such as Classification, Clustering, Regression, Representation Learning, Reinforcement Learning, etc.
In high-level AI, also called strong AI, a machine, instead of focusing on a single problem, applies intelligence to any problem. Akin to a conscious mind, strong AI can perform a cognitive function that a human mind can. It comprises Deep Learning with Convolutional neural networks (CNN), Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Autoencoder, Recurrent neural networks (RNN), etc.
Why use AI as a Service?
With the advances in Artificial Intelligence in recent years, the applications of AIaaS have widened, and advantages have also increased manifold. However, the creation of AI applications is expensive, and even the programmers who need to create AI algorithms are hard to find around. Besides, as AI works on past good data, not all organizations may have created data in the past. So in such a scenario, AIaaS comes as a very viable and economical alternative.
The following are some of the benefits of AIaaS:
Cost-Effectiveness and Lesser Implementation Time:
The main advantage of AIaaS is that it reduces cost and implementation time significantly compared with Artificial Intelligence applications from scratch. The setting up of an application with the development of algorithms, and their training requires huge costs. But with AIaaS, businesses have to contact service providers to get access to readymade infrastructure and pre-trained algorithms. The service providers use the existing infrastructure, thus, decreasing financial risks and increasing strategic versatility.
In AIaaS, you pay for what you are using, and costs are also lower. This brings in transparency. Users don’t have to run AI nonstop.
AIaaS lets you begin with smaller projects to learn along the way to find suitable solutions eventually. You can customize your service and scale up or down as project demands change.
What are the application areas of AI-as-a-Service?
Digital Assistance & Bots:
These applications free a company’s service staff to focus on more valuable activities. Chatbots use Natural Language Processing (NLP) algorithms to learn from human speech and then provide responses by mimicking the language’s patterns. This is the most common use of AIaas.
Cognitive Computing APIs:
Developers use APIs to add new features to their buildings without starting everything from scratch. Some of the APIs solutions are speech, NLP, knowledge mapping, translation, computer vision, search, and emotion detention.
Machine Learning Frameworks:
AIaaS is being used for developing Machine Learning (ML) models. Using AIaaS, developers can develop ML models without the use of big data. Organizations can build models suited to their requirements without using large amounts of data. These models learn quickly from the organization’s data over time.
Fully-Managed ML Services:
These services provide custom templates, pre-built models, and code-free interfaces and enhance the accessibility of machine learning capabilities to non-technologies enterprises not interested in investing in developing tools.
What are the challenges faced by AI-as-a-Service?
Currently, AIaaS faces challenges that make it difficult for organizations worldwide to realize their full potential. The first challenge is to overcome already set high expectations from AIaaS. Enterprises have huge expectations from Artificial Intelligence. However, the advancements in AI are not still incommensurate with expectations. With the right expectations, there will be more successful adoption.
- The user organizations are generally completely unaware of the algorithm and parameters used in AI as a service. Initially, it may create problems for businesses to get adept at working with AIaaS solutions.
- Some organizations’ crucial operations depend on the service provider, which stokes apprehensions among businesses about adverse consequences in the future.
- The implementation of the AIaaS software is not bug-free and requires a lot of effort for successful implementation.
- Some organizations are not so keen to share their data with the service providers and are unsure of the future implications if they share data. Additionally, user organizations have difficulty generating quality data, which is one of the most important factors for Artificial Intelligence success. So it will remain a challenge for the service providers to convince the organizations to create trust and generate quality data.
- Some organizations are interested in using AIaaS for their business but may not have the necessary implementation and constant maintenance talent.
- Businesses are concerned about reduced data security. AIaaS also puts some constraints on innovation as a result of standardization in the process.
Will AI Replace Humans?
When people think of AI, human-like intelligent machines come to mind. If we look at Gartner’s report, which predicts that by 2024, AI will be handling 67% of all routine work currently done by managers, it seems disconcerting that AI may replace jobs and may make many people jobless. On the contrary, smart businesses are gradually learning to strike a balance between humans and machines. Moreover, AI is predicted to create a new job market not existing before. By leveraging cloud services for AI, businesses will offer unlimited solutions to many of the current problems.
AIaaS can be used for diverse applications without the deep knowledge of Artificial Intelligence algorithms, and it’s working. People working on AIaaS need not be area experts. However, to get deeper and proceed more efficiently, what is important is that the data be interpreted correctly. An understanding of data science or consultancy with experts is suggested. Also, it is well known in the AI area that the data should be of high quality if you want to get better results.
The year 2020 is certainly not conducive to the high-powered growth of the world economy. However, within a year or two, the economy will bounce back with an expected high growth rate, opening up unforeseen possibilities for AI applications. With customers having high expectations and more awareness, much churning in data is needed to meet their requirements and expectations.
The banking sector is one of the most conspicuous consumers of Artificial Intelligence-as-a-Service. It brings better customer service, customer onboarding, improvement in processes, and mitigation of risk and fraud detection in the banking sector.
A mid-sized company can’t compete with the already established tech giants directly. However, by powering their services with Artificial Intelligence-as-a-Service, they have good opportunities to meet customer expectations in their niche areas without any significant technology investment.